Take Charge of Your Sexual Health

What you need to know about preventive services

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Home > What are preventive sexual health services? > Preventive Sexual Health Services for Women > Chart of Recommended Preventive Sexual Health Services for Women

Recommended Preventive Sexual Health Services for Women

Sexual Health Service
Adolescent
(13-18 years)
Adult
(19+)
Cervical cancer screening

Not recommended

Those age 21-29 every 3 years

Those age 30-65 every 3-5 years

Chlamydia screening

Those who are sexually active (screen annually) or pregnant

Those age 25 and under (screen annually)

Those over age 25 only if they are at risk
(screen annually)

Those who are pregnant

Contraceptive counseling

Those who are at risk

Those who are sexually active and/or

of childbearing age

Counseling to prevent sexually transmitted infections

Those who are sexually active

Those who are at risk

Gonorrhea screening

Those who are sexually active or pregnant

Those who are at risk, including those

who are pregnant

Hepatitis A vaccine

Those not vaccinated as infants

Those who are at risk

Hepatitis B vaccine

Those not vaccinated as infants

Those who are at risk

Those who are unvaccinated and
have diabetes

Hepatitis B screening

Those who are pregnant

Those who are pregnant

Hepatitis C screening

Not recommended

Those born between 1945 and 1965

HIV testing

Those who are or have been sexually active (test at least once) or are pregnant

Those who are or have been sexually active (test at least once)

Those who are at risk (test at least annually)

Those who are pregnant

HPV vaccine

Girls age 11-12 and unvaccinated teens

May be given through age 26

(and to eligible adults over age 26) 

Syphilis screening 

Those who are at risk or pregnant

Those who are at risk or pregnant

How Do I Know if I’m at Risk?

Many behaviors put you at risk for getting STIs, including HIV. You are at risk if you answer “yes” to any of the following questions:

  • Have you had unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex (sex without a condom)?
  • Do you have multiple partners?
  • Do you have an STI, including HIV?
  • Have you shared needles?
  • Do you exchange sex for drugs or money?
  • Do you have a partner who answers “yes” to any of these questions or whose health status you don’t know?