Take Charge of Your Sexual Health

What you need to know about preventive services

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Home > What are preventive sexual health services? > Preventive Sexual Health Services for Women > Chart of Recommended Preventive Sexual Health Services for Women

Recommended Preventive Sexual Health Services for Women

Sexual Health Service
Adolescent
(13-18 years)
Adult
(19+)
Cervical cancer screening

Not recommended

Those aged 21-29 every 3 years

Those aged 30-65 every 3-5 years

Chlamydia screening

Those who are sexually active (screen annually) or pregnant

Those aged 24 and under (screen annually)

Those over age 24 who are at risk
(screen annually)

Those who are pregnant

Contraceptive counseling

Those who are at risk

Those who are sexually active and/or

of childbearing age

Counseling to prevent sexually transmitted infections

Those who are sexually active

Those who are at risk

Gonorrhea screening

Those who are sexually active or pregnant

Those aged 24 and under (screen annually), including those who are pregnant

Those over age 24 who are at risk, including those who are pregnant

Hepatitis A vaccine

Those not vaccinated as children

Those who are at risk and are unvaccinated

Hepatitis B vaccine

Those not vaccinated as children

Those who are at risk and are unvaccinated

Those born in a country where the hepatitis B virus is common

Hepatitis B screening

Those who are pregnant

Those who are at risk and are unvaccinated

Those born in a country where the hepatitis B vaccine is common

Those who are pregnant

Those who are at risk and are unvaccinated

Those born in a country where the hepatitis B vaccine is common

Hepatitis C screening

Not recommended

Those born between 1945 and 1965

Injection drug users

HIV testing

Those who are or have been sexually active (test at least once)

Those who are pregnant

Those who are or have been sexually active (test at least once)

Those who are at risk (test at least annually)

Those who are pregnant

HPV vaccine

Those not vaccinated at age 11 or 12

May be given through age 26 (and to eligible adults over age 26) 

Syphilis screening 

Those who are pregnant or at risk

Those who are pregnant or at risk

How Do I Know if I’m at Risk?

Your sexual health is at risk if you answer “yes” to any of the following questions:

  • Have you had unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex (sex without a condom)?
  • Do you have multiple partners?
  • Do you have an STI, including HIV?
  • Have you shared any injection drug equipment, including needles or syringes?
  • Do you exchange sex for drugs or money?
  • Do you have a partner who answers “yes” to any of these questions or whose health status you don’t know?